On July 17th, 1797, the inhabitants of the Township of York and adjoining Townships were assembled to elect Town and Parish officers.
The following individuals were elected.
Town Clark: Thomas Barry
Assessors: George Playter and Thomas Barry
Collector: Samuel Heron
Overseers of the High Ways:
John Dennis for the Humber
William Berzy for the German Settlement
Nicholas Miller for Yonge Street
John Ashbridge for the Bay
Isaiah Skinner for the Don
Abner Miles for the Town
Town Wardens: Thomas Barry and Samuel Heron
Constables for the Town: Duke William Kindrick and John Coon
Constable for the Humber: Isaac Devins
Dᵒ for German Settlement: John Stern
Dᵒ for Yonge Street: Joseph Johnson
In 1797, the official number of people living in York and the surrounding area was 437 - 260 males and 177 females.
In York, there were 115 males and 97 females who were part of Freehold estate-owning families, along with an additional 29 single males - 241 in total.
There were 59 inhabitants of the Don and Marsh - 32 males and 24 females who were part of Freehold estate-owning households, along with 3 single males.
There were 29 male and 22 female inhabitants of the Humber - 51 in total.
And there were 86 inhabitants of Yonge Street - 52 males and 34 females.
The Freehold inhabitants in York were:
ALLEN, William (2 males)
BADGER, Gideon, (2 males, 2 females)
BARRY, Thomas (3 males, 4 females)
BERZY, William (4 males, 2 females)
BURNS Esquire, Alexander (1 male)
BURNS Esquire, David (1 male)
CAMERON, Archibald (1 male, 1 female)
CARRY, Bernard (3 males, 2 females)
CHEWITT Esquire, William (3 males, 2 females)
CONN, John (1 male)
COON, John (2 males, 7 females)
COOPER, William (3 males, 1 female)
DUMONT, William (2 males)
GRAHAM, Captain William (4 males, 2 females)
HENDRICKS, Dayton (2 males, 1 female)
HERON, Samuel (3 males, 2 females)
HERSCHMER, Jacob (1 male)
HUNT, Joseph (2 males, 3 females)
KAHMAN, John Henry (1 male, 3 females)
KINDRICK, Duke William (4 males, 3 females)
KINDRICK, John (1 male, 5 females)
KINDRICK, Joseph (2 males, 3 females)
LODER, Job (2 males)
MACAULEY, Doctor James (4 males, 1 female)
McDOUGALL, John (3 males, 5 females)
MARTHER, Samuel (2 males, 1 female)
McBRIDE, Sergeant John (1 male, 1 female)
McBRIDE, John (2 males, 3 females)
MEALEY, Patrick (1 male, 2 females)
MILES, Abner (3 males, 5 females)
MILLS, Parker (2 males, 5 females)
PINING, Peter (2 males)
RIDOUT Esquire, Thomas (3 males, 6 females)
RUGGLES, James (2 males)
RUSSELL, The Honourable Peter (3 males, 1 female)
SMALL Esquire, John (4 males, 1 female)
SMITH, The Honourable David William (3 males, 4 females)
SMITH, William (4 males, 5 females)
THOMSON, Andrew (4 males, 2 females)
THOMSON, Archibald (6 males, 5 females)
THOMSON, David (6 males, 2 females)
WHITE Esquire, John (4 males, 2 females)
WILLCOCKS, William (1 male)
WRIGHT, Edward (5 males, 3 females)
The single men in York were:
COZENS Junior, Daniel
COZENS, Samuel D
LEACH, Joshua (Carpenter)
The Freehold inhabitants of the Don and Marsh were:
ASHBRIDGE, John (3 males, 1 female)
BROWN, Frederick (2 males, 2 females)
BURNS, Patrick (2 males, 1 female)
CORNWELL, William (7 males, 3 females)
MOSLEY, Benjamin (1 male, 1 female)
PHILLIPS, Jacob (2 males, 2 females)
PLAYTER, George (4 males, 3 females)
PLAYTER, John (1 male, 2 females)
PORTER, George (2 males, 2 females)
SKINNER, Isaiah (3 males, 2 females)
TERRY, Parshal (4 males, 4 females)
WINTERS, Jacob (1 male, 1 female)
The single men inhabiting the Don and Marsh were:
ST. CLAIR, Samuel
The inhabitants of the Humber were:
ANDERSON, Elias (5 males, 4 females)
COOK, Silas (7 males, 5 females)
DAVIS, Benjamin (1 male, 1 female)
DENNIS, John (2 males, 2 females)
DEVINS, Abraham (2 males, 2 females)
DEVINS, Isaac (1 males, 3 females)
DEVINS, Levy (2 males, 1 female)
LAWRENCE Esquire, John (2 males)
McLEANY, John (1 male)
SANDERS, Mathias (1 male, 1 female)
WILSON Esquire, John (2 males, 1 female)
WILSON Junior, John (3 males, 2 females)
The inhabitants of Yonge Street were:
CHAPMAN, Nathan (1 male)
COMER, Jacob (3 males, 3 females)
COVER, Nicholas (1 male, 2 females)
DEXTER, Asa (1 male)
DEXTER, John (2 males, 1 female)
DITTERLANE, George (1 male)
FISHER Junior, Jacob (1 male, 3 females)
FISHER Senior, Jacob (3 males, 3 females)
FISHER, John (2 males, 3 females)
HAMMONWAY, Josiah (1 male)
HARMON, Henry (2 males, 2 females)
HILL, Thomas (1 male)
HOLLINGSHEAD, Isaac (2 males, 1 female)
HOLLINGSHEAD, William (1 males, 2 females)
JOHNSON, Asa (2 males, 2 females)
JOHNSON, Lawrence (6 males, 1 female)
KETCHUM, Senaca (1 male)
KETCHUM, Jesse (1 male)
LAWRENCE, Richard (2 males, 4 females)
LIPPENCOTT, Richard (1 male)
LYONS, John (3 males, 1 female)
MILLER, Nicholas (3 males, 2 females)
MONSHEAN, Balser (4 males, 2 females)
PHELPS, Joseph (1 male, 2 females)
SMITH, Frederick (1 male)
STOCKS, John & Richard (2 males)
WEGLE, George (1 male)
YARNS, Thomas (1 male)
YARNS, William (1 male)
Library and Archives Canada, no. 1972-118-2
Elizabeth Simcoe was born Elizabeth Posthuma Gwillim in England. The exact date and place of birth are uncertain, as she was orphaned as a baby and lived with her uncle, Admiral Graves, and her aunt Margaret. She married her uncle's godson, John Graves Simcoe, when she was sixteen.
In 1791, her husband was appointed the first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada, and they made the trip from England. After spending some time in Quebec and then Newark (now Niagara-on-the-Lake), she arrived at York on July 30th, 1793. In 1796, her husband was given a leave of absence and the Simcoes left for England, never to return.
During her time in Canada, she kept a diary and produced many sketches and watercolour paintings of her surroundings.
François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, described her in 1795 as:
...timid, and speaks little; but she is a woman of sense, handsome and amiable, and fulfils all the duties of the mother and wife with the most scrupulous exactness. The performance of the latter she carries so far as to be of great assistance to her husband by her talents for drawing, the practice of which, confined to maps and plans, enables her to be extremely useful to the Governor.
John Graves Simcoe was born in Cotterstock, England, in 1752. His father, a captain in the Royal Navy who was involved in the Siege of Louisbourg in 1758, died in 1759. He had intended for his son to pursue a military career as well, and John eventually chose this path, entering the British Army in 1770. He was sent to the Thirteen Colonies, seeing action in the American Revolutionary War.
He was wounded during battle in 1782 and returned to England, marrying Elizabeth Posthuma Gwillim that year.
In 1790, he was elected as a Member of Parliament, but resigned when he was appointed as the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada on September 12, 1791.
He held this position from 1791 to 1796. In 1793, he established York.
François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, provided his opinion of Simcoe when they met in 1795.
In his private life, Governor Simcoe is simple, plain, and obliging. He inhabits a small miserable wooden house, which formerly was occupied by the commissaries, who resided here on account of the navigation of the lake. His guard consists of four soldiers, who every morning come from the fort, and return thither in the evening. He lives in a noble and hospitable manner, without pride; his mind is enlightened; his character mild and obliging; he discourses with much good sense on all subjects, but his favourite topics are his projects and war, which seem to be the objects of his leading passions.